The 2012 Failed state Index is  released the eighth edition of its annual Failed States Index (FSI), highlighting global political, economic and social pressures experienced by states.

The 2012 FSI ranks the Horn of Africa dominates that of  Somalia as number one for the fifth consecutive year, citing widespread lawlessness, ineffective government, terrorism, insurgency, crime, and well-publicized pirate attacks against foreign vessels, while Ethiopia stood at the 17 place  scoring 97.7  worst than Eritrea that  stood 23 with a score of 94.3. Kenya stood 16 with a score of 98.4.

Ethiopia lost three places from last year. It is the worst while dealing with its demography at the same time  India has more demographic trends scores 78 place with 78.1 points. So there is no reason why Ethiopia scored the worst in its ability to meet the challenges of Demographic Pressures only deference is democracy  and development. Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa and has one of the highest birth rates in the world, it constantly struggles to feed itself with its dictatorial leaders letting the most fertile land to be grabbed by the Indian and Saudi speculators while over 70 % three meals a day . Ethiopia would be first if the score is only based on the country that starves  worst its population the last 50 years.  Last but not list Ethiopia’s worst   security apparatus that terrorize its own population and human right violations pushes here up on the index.

Meanwhile, Finland has remained in the best position, with its Scandinavian neighbors Sweden and Denmark rounding out the best three rankings. All three nations benefit from strong social and economic indicators, paired with excellent provision of public services and respect for human rights and the rule of law.

The FSI ranks 178 countries using 12 social, economic, and political indicators of pressure on the state, along with over 100 sub-indicators. These include such issues as Uneven Development, State Legitimacy, Group Grievance, and Human Rights. Each indicator is rated on a scale of 1-10, based on the analysis of millions of publicly available documents, other quantitative data, and assessments by analysts. A high score indicates high pressure on the state, and therefore a higher risk of instability.

Other notable changes this year include countries affected by the Arab Spring. Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Tunisia all ranked significantly worse than the previous year. Libya’s decline was the most remarkable, with the country registering the worst year-on-year worsening in the history of the FSI as a result of civil war, a NATO-led campaign of airstrikes and the toppling of the Kaddafi regime. Similarly, Syria registered the fourth-greatest year-on-year worsening in the history of the FSI as the campaign of violence by the Assad government took hold.

 

By Prof. Muse Tegegne

Prof. Muse Tegegne has lectured sociology Change & Liberation in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Americas. He has obtained Doctorat es Science from the University of Geneva. A PhD in Developmental Studies & ND in Natural Therapies. He wrote on the problematic of the Horn of Africa extensively. And Lecture at Mobile University..

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