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Ethiopianism ኢትዮጵያኒዝም

Mobile University Pluralist Paradigm ፍኖተ- ቡዙኃን ምንድነው ?

Phan studied the works of Enlightenment philos...

Phan studied the works of Enlightenment philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Calvin

John Calvin (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In this paradigm it appears also more heterogeneous , with striking difference in language, system and status, it is created and recreated, produced and reproduced through the mindful interaction of its members in dynamic pluralistic paradigms.

Our Cardinal premise is that knowledge is human product depending the historical conditions that marked a society when knowledge is created by the The “truth makers”.

References :-
-“Man is born Free he is everywhere in chains”-                       Emanuel Kent

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-” Du Contract social /covenant” -Society Jean- Jacques Rousseau
-Neutral objectivity – Separation of personnel from logical empirical evaluation,
must be value freeMax Weber
Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism– Max Weber
The Institutes of the Christian ReligionJohn Calvin

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Ethiopianism A Paradigm Shift for Change December 2012 ” Doom Day Announced “

 

 

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Police hunting missing Eritrea players | News.com.auEritrean team

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The Ethiopian Dictator sold Ethiopian Teff Genetic Resources for nothing…

How Ethiopia Lost Control of Its Teff Genetic Resources

Photo: Marit Fikke / Development Fund(12.11.2012) In 2005, Ethiopia concluded an agreement with the Dutch company HPFI, sharing itsteff genetic resources in return for a part of the benefits that would be achieved from developingteff products for the European market.

In the end, Ethiopia received practically no benefits. Instead, due to a broad patent and a questionable bankruptcy, it lost its right to utilize and reap benefits from its own teff genetic resources in the countries where the patent is valid.

The amazing story of the Teff Agreement has been uncovered and meticulously documented in a recent FNI report by FNI researchers Regine Andersen and Tone Winge.

Teff is a food grain endemic to the Ethiopian highlands, where it has been cultivated for several thousand years. Rich in nutritional value, it is an important staple crop for Ethiopians. Since it is gluten-free, it is also interesting for markets in other parts of the world.

A 2005 agreement between Ethiopia and the Dutch company HPFI gave HPFI access to 12 Ethiopian teff varieties, which it was to use for developing newteff-based products for the European market. In return, the company was to share substantial benefits with Ethiopia.

The Teff Agreement was hailed as one of the most advanced of its time. It was seen as a pilot case for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in terms of access to and benefit-sharing from the use of genetic resources (ABS).

But the high expectations were never met: The only benefits Ethiopia ever received were 4000 Euro and a small, early interrupted research project.

And then, in 2009, the company went bankrupt. In the years prior to bankruptcy, however, HPFI managed to obtain a broad patent on the processing of teff flour in Europe, covering ripe grain, as well as fine flour, dough, batter and non-traditional teff products. This patent, along with other values of the company, had then been transferred to new companies set up by the same owners.

These companies now possess the exclusive rights to a large range of teff-based products. But as it was the now bankrupt HPFI that was Ethiopia’s contract partner, these new companies are not bound by the contractual obligations of HPFI towards Ethiopia.

Ethiopia thus ended up receiving practically none of the benefits promised under the agreement, and its future opportunities to profit from teff in international markets were smaller than before.


How was this possible? 


This is what FNI researchers Regine Andersen andTone Winge have been looking into in their new reportThe Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement on Teff Genetic Resources: Facts and Lessons, published by FNI today.

Their report has been written as part of FNI’s contribution to the German-led ABS Capacity Development Initiative, focusing on mainly African experiences with access to and benefit-sharing from the use of their genetic resources.

Lessons to be learned

Through their in-depth analysis of the course of events with regard to the Teff Agreement and the related patent on the processing of teff flour, Andersen and Winge attempt to extract lessons to ensure that future access and benefit-sharing agreements will have better prospects of success. They also provide recommendations for the implementation of the CBD. Some of the main conclusions can be summarized as follows:

   Under the current circumstances, even the very best ABS agreement is without value if there is no willingness to comply with it: As long as there are no measures in place in the user-countries (in the teff case: The Netherlands) such agreements can be seen as gentlemen’s agreements, requiring a basis of good faith.

   Provider countries (in the teff case: Ethiopia) need institutional and financial support to enable them to monitor ABS agreements, and to facilitate real access to justice in the user countries. A multilateral instrument for this purpose under the CBD combined with user-country legislation is probably the most realistic possibility to realize the objectives on fair and equitable benefit-sharing of the CBD and its Nagoya Protocol.

   Formulations in ABS agreements prohibiting the patenting of genetic resources may be easy to circumvent, and more sophisticated formulations should be chosen if this is to be avoided.

Eragrostis tef (Teff) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
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Mobile University ፍኖት “Order Paradigm”, Social Darwinism & Eugenics አማረኛ

Francis Galton, the English eugenicist who wro...

Francis Galton, the English eugenicist who wrote extensively on the relation between intelligence and social class (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A course of Sociology of Paradigm 101 in Amharic and some English terms definitions.

Herbert Spencer, a 19th century philosopher, promoted the idea of Social Darwinism. Social Darwinism is an application of the theory of natural selection to social, political, and economic issues. In its simplest form, Social Darwinism follows the mantra of “the strong survive,” including human issues. This theory was used to promote the idea that the white European race was superior to others, and therefore, destined

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 - 8 December 19...

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher. http://web4.si.edu/sil/scientific-identity/display_results.cfm?alpha_sort=W http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Herbert_Spencer.jpg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

to rule over them.

A constellation Assumption that make scientific investigation. ለሳይንስ ምረምር የሚጠቅሙና የተጠራቀሙ መላ-ምቶች ፍኖት ወይም ፓራዳይም ይባላሉ።
Paradiegmia – In Greek Means -Pattern or Example .Thought pattern, Subconscious conditioning . A paradigm is just a common belief in a theory, A constellation Assumption that make scientific investigation. ለሳይንስ ምረምር የሚጠቅሙና የተጠራቀሙ መላ-ምቶች ፍኖት ወይም ፓራዳይም ይባላሉ።

Paradiegmia – In Greek Means -Pattern or Example
Thought pattern, Subconscious conditioning
a paradigm is just a common belief in a theory
and its principles and its principles. ፓራዳይም/ፍኖት በሕልዎ ሕግጋት የተለመደ እምነት ነው ።

Eugenics: A pseudoscience with the stated aim of improving the genetic constitution of the human species by selective breeding. Eugenics is from a Greek word meaning ‘normal genes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ethiopianism A Paradigm Shift for Change November 2012


Doom

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የቀድመዋ እመቤት ጋሻ አነሱ!  ታደለ መኩረያ

 

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The authentic EPPF Ethiopian or Eritrean ?

Ethiopian People’s Patriotic Front, EPPF is an organization standing for the liberation of Ethiopia, from the irredentist regime of the regime actually in power.  It was founded in 1998 in the North Western part of Ethiopia, on the frontier with Eritrea.  In 2008 EPPF left Eritrean and struggling in western highlands of Ethiopia.

Eritrean EPPF  Ethiopian EPPF
  1. Eritrean EPPF was  Founded in 2008.
  2. Eritrean EPPF is copy  not authentic
  3. Eritrean EPPF  is using Forced Recruitment.
  4. Eritrean EPPF  members are Farming slaves of  Southern Eritrea.
  5. Eritrean EPPF is led by Eritrean Regime Agents.
  6. Eritrean EPPF’s Money Collected used for Eritrean regime its agents .
  7. Eritrean  EPPF Internationally you  will know them collecting money:- meeting, conference, ID  etc..
  8. Eritrean EPPF Hits Soft targets in Ethiopia  as Eritrean agent
  9. Eritrean EPPF  members majority  are in prison
  10. Eritrean EPPF desert and Give hands to Ethiopian regime. 
  11. Eritrea and all movements in Eritrea are named Terrorist by the UN
  12. Eritrea EPPF is serving the Eritreans regime not  Ethiopians
  13. http://www.arbegnochginbar.com/, 

 

  1. Ethiopian EPPF was   Founded 1998.
  2. Ethiopian EPPF is original.
  3. Ethiopian EPPF uses Voluntary Recruitment.
  4. Ethiopian EPPF are Struggling in Ethiopia for liberation.
  5. Ethiopian  EPPF is Led By Ethiopians.
  6. Ethiopian EPPF does not  Collect  Money only voluntary   donation.
  7. Ethiopian EPPF  Internationally  Are seen teaching not collecting  everything for  free..
  8. Ethiopian EPPF Use arm as a defense. 
  9. Ethiopian EPPF  Non Are not  in prison
  10. Ethiopian EPPF  Never give hands
  11. Ethiopian EPPF  Never behave like a terrorist not named as terrorist
  12. Ethiopian EPPF serves the interest of Ethiopians aboard and at home.
  13. http://www.eppf.net

 

 

Ethiopia, Ethiopian, Ethiopianist, Ethiopianity, Ethiopianism October 2012 Newsreel

The Ark of the Covenant

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Is a war over the Nile still imminent? Mmegi Online ::

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Ethiopia, Ethiopian, Ethiopianist, Ethiopianity, Ethiopianism September 2012 Newsreel

           FOUR IN ONE 

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Ethiopia

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Ethiopian minority ruling party named Hailemariam Desalegne as a figure head to replace Dictator Zenawi while internal power struggle continues

Ethiopia’s  dictatorial ruling party on Saturday named as its leader acting Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, who took over after the death last month of longtime  dictator Meles Zenawie, an official said at the end of a congress of party bosses and internal dispute that lasted over two month and which is still continuing.

As chairman of the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front, or EPRDF, Hailemariam, 47, will almost certainly be confirmed as the country’s prime minister in an upcoming official ceremony. Bereket Simon, Ethiopia’s communications minister said Hailemariam would be sworn in soon. It remains unclear exactly when, but Bereket said this might happen early next month.

Since the party holds an overwhelming majority the party’s chair since the dumped election of 2010, he will automatically is the country’s prime minister, according to Bereket said. “So Hailemariam will be the country’s new prime minister”. This would be true only if the internal factional power crisis did not explode in public and accelerate the end of the regime.

A 180-member council of the EPRDF appointed Hailemariam unanimously and also selected Education Minister Demeke Mekonnen to become deputy chairman. The ruling party controls 545 of the 547 seats in parliament, guaranteeing swift passage of its resolutions.

Hailemariam ascension to the ruling party’s top leadership signals that he is just warming the seat for someone else and that behind party officials will use as a symbolic     head, And are not keen to respect the wishes of Melees, who picked Hailemariam from obscurity and made him foreign minister and deputy prime minister without contributing to the coming of the ruling junta to power through the barrel of the gun.

For international observer especially for the competing interests the US and China that the ruling party would pick Hailemariam, who promises to continue the domestic and foreign policies in their respective favor.  Since he does not have the true power in his hand to harness his decision making will be highly hampered by unfinished internal faction disputes of TPLF and EPRDF. (Tigrian and Ethnical parties)

It seems they are obliged but to go through with appointing Hailemariam since the last two month they could not arrive to find a true successor   of Melees Zenawie. Hailemariam is a choice by default till the internal power struggle for succession finally settles. It has been impossible for the ruling party the last two month to find replacement that is acceptable to the four coalition members and the different factions that made them last over one month old to declare Dictator Melees Zenawie death to public. . His official death was declared one month after on Aug. 20 of an undisclosed illness in a Belgian hospital.  His bosses  praised him for his obedience,  the great majority of  Ethiopian and their supporters s saw him as a tyrant who restricted freedoms, including free speech and free press:-


According to the International Crisis Group said after the death of Melees that Hailemariam was not likely to be as pivotal and decisive a figure as the man he replaced.

“Given the opacity of the inner workings of the government and army, it is impossible to say exactly what it will look like and who will end up in charge. Nonetheless, any likely outcome suggests a much weaker government, a more influential security apparatus and endangered internal stability,” the group’s report said.

 

 

  • Ethiopian Ruling Party, EPRDF Press Conference – YouTube
  • Hailemariam Desalegn will be the New Ethiopian Prime Minster – YouTube
  • Ethiopia : Statement of the EPRDF – YouTube

 

Dis-stabilization & change of Power elites in post Zenawie & Issias Horn of Africa

A Confluence of Events in the Horn ( Original Title )
Gregory R. CopleyCompany: Gregory Copleyhttp://strategicstudies.org
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The announcement of the death of Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi — possibly a month after he actually died — starts to focus the growing confluence of events in the Horn of Africa; events which show a profound watershed in the strategic situation along one of the most significant trade routes in the world. 

The death of Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi would have been significant — given his tight grip on power in one of Africa’s most populous and significant states — at any time. The fact that his death (announced in August 2012) occurred at the time of transitions of power in Egypt, Eritrea, and Yemen, and at a time when Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Somalia, and Somaliland are also embroiled in critical phases of their history, makes the event even more significant.

Add to this the effective withdrawal of the coercive (and stabilizing) umbrella power of the United States — creating an absence of a Western superpower dominance in the area for the first time in 500 years — and it is clear that the region is witnessing the beginning of an era which will be totally different from the past century.

To some extent, the individual problems and power vacuums which are emerging in all of the regional states are concentrating the political communities of each community on its own problems. But a regional pattern is evident in an area which is so critical for resources and trade routes. The fluid nature of the overall pattern will develop its own outcomes, and attract the attention of some longer- term players. That process has already begun, as the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Iran, and — hesitantly — India increase their attentions toward the area.

There are other ramifications, apart from the temporary vacuum of power, in the death of Meles Zenawi, which the Ethiopian Government announced on August 21, 2012. Meles had been a driving force in making the African Union (AU) more effective, and, in essence, was the key player in stopping the AU coming heavily under the influence of South Africa. The success of the AU’s delicate border reconciliation program, which affects virtually every African state, is now thrown open to question, particularly given the reality that South Africa stands to lose considerable territory, particularly to Swaziland, if the border adjustment process was to proceed with some legal relevance.

Meanwhile, the security problems in the Horn of Africa are far from resolved, although the damping down of US strategic engagement in the area may have led to some of the security issues moving away from the spotlight. The end of the Meles era in Ethiopia means that there is as yet no certainty that his successor will prosecute the stabilizing role in Somalia which Meles had embraced.
However, the collapse of the Mubarak Government in Egypt, as well as the overthrow of the Qadhafi Government in Libya, removed two strong supporters of anti-Ethiopian subversive activity, which had been financed through Eritrea. Egypt, under the interim Government of Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi, worked to reverse the Mubarak policy of confrontation with Ethiopia as Egypt’s means of securing control over the headwaters of the Blue Nile (critical to Egypt’s survival). There is as yet no indication how the Government of Pres. Mohammed Morsi will finally act on this issue, other than the fact that Pres. Morsi did attend a major AU Summit in Addis Ababa in July 2012, and (in the absence of Prime Minister Meles) met with the Abuna (Patriarch) of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. This held the promise that even though Egypt now has an Ikhwani Government, it would deal more pragmatically than did Mubarak with regard to finding a workable solution with Ethiopia on sharing the waters of the Blue Nile.

There are some indications, however, that Pres. Morsi could take a stronger line against Ethiopia than did Pres. Mubarak, as indicated in his initial communications with Sudan’s Pres. Umar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir. The only saving grace is that Pres. Morsi is presently focused on Egypt attaining a dominant role in the Mashreq through mediating the Syrian crisis. However, as the Syrian quagmire intensifies, Pres. Morsi is likely to shift attention to the traditional Egyptian hunting grounds to the south. But if Pres. Morsi finds his initial overtures toward Ethiopia are fruitful, this could be a major step toward stability in the greater Horn area (including Sudan).

In Ethiopia itself, the fate of the post-Meles Government is by no means yet determined, a fact which has been compounded by the death of Abuna Paulos after his meeting with Pres. Morsi. In this regard, the stability of Ethiopia is the critical element in stabilizing the Red Sea/Suez and Horn. To achieve this, Ethiopia will need to move back toward a more national Government, bearing in mind the reality that Meles represented a small portion of the Tigrean region, and that has only six percent of the overall Ethiopian population. In this regard, there are few over-arching national symbols which appeal to all Ethiopians, and the Crown of Ethiopia is the obvious — and possibly single — culturally-unifying symbol which crosses all ethno-linguistic groups in the country. But one of the key issues which can possibly now be addressed, given the departure of Meles and his strenuously marxist approach, would be to re-introduce private land ownership into Ethiopia.

This could be the single most significant step in moving Ethiopia back to prosperity and to overcoming productivity challenges to the agricultural sector.

Similarly, the death of Meles may allow some reform in the Armed Forces, which are at present dominated by Tigreans. Indeed, attempts to see a continuation of Tigrean dominance of Ethiopian politics may soon face a showdown. Significantly, the successor to Meles as leader of the Tigre Popular Liberation Front (TPLF) has been named as Seyoum Mesfin, the former Foreign Minister and (until recently) Ambassador to the PRC. Ato Seyoum, obviously also a Tigrean, is from an aristocratic background, and had been a sophisticated, moderating influence on the Meles Government. Now he is charged with securing the TPLF’s continued leadership role in the coalition Government, but also is capable of ensuring a movement of Ethiopian politics toward the center, and toward ethnic harmony.

Meanwhile, Meles was laid to rest in a State Funeral at the Holy Trinity Cathedral in Addis Ababa on September 2, lying there now in the company of the late Emperor. It is significant that the passing of Meles actually brought recognition to some of his accomplishments. There is a parable in Ethiopia about the death of a village bully, and the priest asks for someone to speak at the man’s funeral. No-one will volunteer until, at last, one man reluctantly agrees, and says, over the gravesite: “Well, he was better than his brother.”

The current situation in Ethiopia is that Meles, at least, is viewed as having been a better leader than the ousted Dergue leader, Mengistu Haile Mariam.

But who succeeds Meles will be of critical importance, given the need for Ethiopia to reassert itself strongly, and to find an accommodation with what must soon emerge as the next government in Eritrea, over Ethiopia’s access to the sea. Meles literally gave away part of Ethiopia at the same time as he acceded to Eritrean independence from Ethiopia. Non-Eritrean parts of the Ethiopian coastline were given to Eritrea at the same time that Eritrea won independence, and there was no valid reason for Meles to have done this, isolating Ethiopia from its traditional access to the Red Sea.

Ethiopia’s next leadership will be challenged to regain that sea access, or, without it, be forever subject to constraints in trade and influence from the littoral states. In this regard, Egypt would almost certainly attempt to bolster Eritrea, again, to resist this. Egypt does not want a powerful rival power dominating the Eastern end of the Red Sea/Suez SLOC. And in this regard, it is worth noting that Ethiopia has, with some 80-million people, a similar population base to Egypt, but has a far more fertile and watered territory than Egypt. Moreover, it also is discovering that it has significant energy (natural gas) and other mineral resources, potentially making Ethiopia a more prosperous society than Egypt.

Meles’ successor, too, will have to deal with the question of supporting South Sudan, something Meles championed, and which put him at odds with Sudan. Will Ethiopia still be able to offer South Sudan a conduit for trade and support, or will South Sudan look solely to Kenya for its own maritime access, as the export conduit for its oil? In many respects, though, Ethiopia was the key guarantor of South Sudanese security from Sudanese depredations.

What, within this framework of change, is the likelihood of revived Ethiopian conflict with Eritrea? Much of the animus which created the earlier conflicts between Eritrea and Ethiopia stemmed from the personalities of the leaders of both states. And now, effectively, both leaders have been removed by illness from the scene, although the full extent of the incapacitation of Pres. Isayas Afewerke of Eritrea has yet to be divulged. He may already be dead; or he may be alive and recover his health. If he recovers, then there is a strong likelihood that Eritrea would press its border claims still further. If he does not, and a relatively strong Ethiopian leader can unify the Government and country, there is a reasonable chance that Ethiopia will press for the restoration of some of its coastline from what is now Eritrea.

All this could take several years.

In the meantime, there seems little likelihood that any new government in Ethiopia would step back from the path which Meles began of dam- building on the Blue Nile, the issue which causes Egypt (and Sudan) most concern. The opportunity exists for Ethiopia and Egypt to manage the process amicably so that Egypt does not feel any strategic threat to its vital interests, so dependent is it on the Nile water flow. But Egypt would see the revival of Ethiopian naval access to the Red Sea as competitive. But if it acts — as it has done in the past by supporting a containment of Ethiopia and by attempting to de-legitimize the Republic of Somaliland (a key access point for Ethiopia to the Red Sea) — then Ethiopia could react harshly in how it handles the Nile water flow.

There is, of course, strong residual US and Western presence and interest in the Red Sea region, and still vital Western interests there, with regard to resources, sea lanes, and geopolitical leverage. The question is whether at this point the politically embattled European Union (EU) states, or the internally preoccupied US have the will or resources to re-surge their power projection into the region. Indeed, the question remains as to just how much leverage the US could have on, say, the Egyptian Government for access to the Suez Canal in the event of a crisis.

Significantly, Israel, with its maritime access to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, once again becomes a factor of interest to the US, as it is, for example, to India.

Concurrently, Egypt, Israel, Cyprus, and Greece are pinning their hopes for their economic futures on their mutual access to the undersea gas fields of the Eastern Mediterranean, and this will be a governing factor in many issues relating to North Africa, the Middle East, and the Red Sea. In all of this, Iran — though itself embattled — will continue to assert itself in the Red Sea/Horn of Africa region. There can be no doubt of this. And now, the US cannot effectively offer an umbrella of protection to Saudi Arabia.

Writing in November 2008, Defense & Foreign Affairs editor Gregory Copley noted:

“Now, with the election of Sen. Obama, and his implicit promise to revive US military/strategic isolationism, the threat felt from the US has been dramatically removed for many societies, whether in Western Europe or in, say, Iran. The US is now an economic power, but its power — already in decline in real terms for the past two dozen years — can now be ignored in many respects.” 

“The states of the world are going their own way. They will play with the US when it suits them. They will look Washington in the eye, and turn away when they wish. As the US ability to build security coalitions (or to retain them in, say, Afghanistan or Iraq) declines, US diplomats will become more strident, and yet more ineffective, in their pressures on onetime allies and foes. Their coercive powers will be seen, increasingly, as having been vacated.” 

It is true in 2012, then, that if US Pres. Obama is elected to a second term in office, then the US ability to coerce or influence events in the region would be expected to continue its precipitate decline.

There is the real possibility that if Republican Presidential contender Mitt Romney is elected to replace Mr Obama, then he may not even have sufficient flexibility to reverse the Obama-led decline in US global strategic influence, even if he does check the slide of that influence through an improvement in US credibility and power projection commitment.

There would be a significant interregnum of power in the Middle East and Horn of Africa — and therefore with regard to the vital Red Sea/Suez SLOC — in the meantime. Will all of this encourage an increasingly independent and perhaps cooperative rise of Indian Ocean states in sensing that their interests are now dependent on them taking ownership of the strategic environment? Australia itself, for example, has proportionately as much at stake as India (and the PRC) in safeguarding the Indian Ocean SLOCs, which are of greater concern to its survival than Pacific Ocean issues.

But there is no doubt that the “new dynamic arena” is now the north-western Indian Ocean and its tendrils, reaching up the northern extent of the Gulf of Aqaba and the Persian Gulf. This is the region of contention in the new world structure.

By. GIS/Defense & Foreign Affairs

About the author

The flaw of Ethiopian constitutional Article 75 for Secession led to unexpected power vacuum at after the Death of Dictator Zenawie

Ethiopian authorities did not act in accordance with the letter and spirit of the constitution when they  wanted  to name an Desallegn as an  interim  prime minster following their announcement of the late premier’s death.  His wife is even trying to mourn herself to power calming her husband’s place with no avail.

Zenawi’s Ethnical constitution does not assure succession of the vise primer to his post . The post of Deputy Premier is a pure creation of the  “immortal”  Dictator Zenawie. He executes only responsibilities entrusted to him by the Melese and to act on behalf of the PM in his absence not at his death. Thus Dessalegn could not succeed the deadly dictator of Ethiopia based on   Article 75.  He does not even have legally present he is a pure creation of Melees Zenawie. Like the  The Negus  Melese aeie Zenever thought he will never die  assured himself the full power with  no succession in his dictated constitution inspired from Albert Koja of Albania.

Now Ethiopia is left  with no  Premier  post but vacant since nothing is mentioned in the constitution. It was written in a way no one would replace the great dictator Melese Zenawie written by him. Desallegn playing PM without any legal legitimacy until parliament met. But the main issue of the day  is that  none one   yet named Desallegn as an interim PM…

According  to the ethnical constitution Article 73 is made only to the  PM  to be elected by the parliament from among its members.  Thus, it’s only the parliament that can elect a PM,
Bereket Simon’s  the  Eritrean  classic  liar  made a  constitutional error  when he  say that the  parliament will soon meet and ceremoniously elect Desallegn.
The most contending   for Melese’s place today  are:-

Azeb  Mesfin his wife?

Berhane G/ Kristos, formerly ambassador to the US and EU and currently the de jure Foreign Minister

Getachew Asefa  Head of the country’s intelligence services,

 The Eritrean Haile Tekel  Haymanot   known as Kuma Demeksa, mayor of  Addis Ababa  

Seyoum Mesfin, the long time Foreign Minister and current ambassador to China

 The  Eritreean Bereket Simon, head of the ruling party’s and the government’s Information office

H/ Mariam Desalegn, the interim  Premier

Since the sickness of Melese Zenawie  and his death a month ago a committee of 7 has been established  to assure the succession of power:- 4 Tigerian, 1 Oromo, 1 Amhara and 1 from the South

will Continue …

Eritrean Generals trafficking their own people as medical spare parts

Eritrean B.General Teleke Mengus sells Eritrean refugees to Arabs as medical spare parts. (Watch Videos)The head of the Eritrean Boarder Surveillance department B. General Tekel Menejus with his colonels control the human trafficking and body part commercialization of Eritrean refugees. In the past the Eritrean soldiers were ordered to shoot escaping Eritrean to the neighboring countries with live rounds, but now they cash them and sell them to Bedouins.

The Main head for such enterprise is Col. Fessum who supposedly heads the Ethiopian opposition movements in in the western areas is the key ally of the Bedouins for such highly lucrative body part market in the Arab world. Every week of thousands of Eritreans are sold to the Bedouin tribes known as Rashid’s dispersed in Eritrea, Sudan, Egypt and Arabian Peninsula. They are known  as nomadic businessman. They sell anything starting from petrol, foodstuff, electronic, car spare parts and arms. This is the  most lucrative  Human trafficking chain in the horn of Africa. The Col. used to travel to Dubai and other bushiness centers to touch his share of the human parts trafficking in Eritrea with different passports having different names.


Ethiopian ” Patriarch” named by Dictator Zenawie died while Ethiopia waits the news about its “Premier”

His Holiness Abune Paulos was the Fifth Patriarch and Catholicos of Ethiopia, Ichege of the See of St Tekle Haymanot, Archbishop of Axum/Photo/ReutersThe Ethiopian Orthodox Church has announced the death of its ” patriarch”, Abune Paulos named by Melese Zenawie.

He was hand picked by the Melese Zenawie the Ethiopian Dictator. Zenawie himself   has not been since Los Cabos G20 Meeting in  June 20, 2012. Paulos is known for killing an Ethiopian inside the Church. He is repeated carrying pistol with his cross even inside the church. He was supposed to show to public the three thousand years old Ark of covenant with out success.
 Paulos, whose full title was His Holiness Abune Paulos, Fifth Patriarch and Catholicos of Ethiopia, Ichege of the See of St Tekle Haymanot, Archbishop of Axum, died early Thursday in Addis Ababa, aged 76.
The patriarch, who was one of the seven serving presidents of the World Council of Churches is said to have been taken ill a few weeks ago with that of  Melese Zenawie , but the cause of his death, is yet to be established. All Ethiopia with the international community is waiting the new about the where about of Melese Zenawie. It is promised he will show him self before the Ethiopian New year . Majority believed he is dead like that of Paulos his ” personally elected Patriarch.
 He was Born in Adwa in Tigray Province like that of  Dictator Melese Zenawie in the  northern part of the country, the patriarch did his education at the Theological College of the Holy Trinity in Addis Ababa under the patronage of Patriarch Abune Tewophilos.
He was sent to study at the St. Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary in the United States and later undertook doctoral degree at Princeton Theological Seminary.
The patriarch also lived in exile in the United States.

Ethiopian Tiki Gelana Queen Of Olympiad Sets Marathon Olympic Record at 2:23:7

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 Ethiopia's Tiki Gelana

Ethiopia’s Tiki Gelana crosses the finishing line as she wins the women’s marathon final at the London 2012 Olympic Games. Photograph: Chris Helgren/Reuters

Ethiopia’s Tiki Gelana held off the Kenyan Priscah Jeptoo to win gold in a soggy Olympic women’s marathon on Sunday.

Gelana clocked 2hr 23min 7sec, an Olympic record time, finishing five seconds ahead of Jeptoo. The Russian Tatyana Petrova Arkhipova won bronze with the pre-race favourite Mary Keitany having to settle for fourth. It was Gelana’s major championship.

Mara Yamauchi’s Olympic marathon lasted less than 10 kilometres on the rainy streets of London.

A week after Paula Radcliffe withdrew from London 2012 with a foot problem, an injured Yamauchi stopped in tears on the side of the road around 9.4km into the race as she decided she could go no further.

The 38-year-old Oxford athlete had been hampered by a bruised heel in the buildup to the Games and, although determined to get to the start line, was clearly not fit.

 Surging into the lead in the last mile and a half and running the second half of the race more than three minutes faster than the first, Tiki Gelana of Ethiopia won the women’s Olympic marathon on Sunday in 2 hours 23 minutes 7 seconds, a record for the Summer Games

Priscah Jeptoo of Kenya took second in 2:23:12 on a cool, rainy day on a loop course that passed many of London’s iconic landmarks. Tatyana Petrova Arkhipova of Russia made a late charge and finished third in a personal best of 2:23:29. She had finished fourth in the 3,000-meter steeplechase at the 2008 Beijing Games.

The prerace favorite, Mary Keitany of Kenya, who won the London Marathon in April, could not hold the pace at the end and finished fourth in 2:23:56. Surprisingly, a Kenyan woman still has not won an Olympic marathon since the event was first held in 1984.

Meanwhile, Kenya’s East African rival, Ethiopia, has now twice won the Olympic marathon. Fatuma Roba took first at the 1996 Atlanta Games. At the London Games, Ethiopia has won both women’s distance events, with Tirunesh Dibaba taking gold in the 10,000.

Gelana, 24, had won the Rotterdam Marathon earlier this year in 2:18:58, an Ethiopian record. On Sunday, she bested the Olympic record of 2:23:14, set by Naoko Takahashi of Japan at the 2000 Sydney Games. Gelana ran the first half Sunday in 1:13:13 and the second half in 1:09:54.

It was a frustrating day for the three American entrants. Shalane Flanagan and Kara Goucher went to the lead early but faded. Flanagan finished 10th in 2:25:51, while Goucher was 11th in 2:26:07. Desiree Davila, who had been battling a hip injury, dropped out after 2.2 miles.

Sunday’s 26.2 mile race was run on a course with one loop of 2.2 miles and three loops of eight miles. A heavy downpour dropped the temperature to 57 degrees, a nearly ideal temperature, but steady rain continued as the race began. The water began to puddle in places, and the runners splashed as they struck the ground.

Flanagan and Goucher went to the front early as the race began slowly with opening miles of 5:23 and 5:53 on the sinuous course. Keitany tucked in behind them, having learned her lesson about reckless running last fall at the New York City Marathon, when she went out at world-record pace only to fade to third.

At 5 kilometers, or 3.1 miles, Flanagan and Goucher also remained at the front of a large pack of runners with a time of 17:20. They held their position at 10 kilometers, reaching the 6.2-mile mark in 34:46, with Valeria Straneo of Italy and Zhu Xiaolin of China, the fourth-place finisher at the 2008 Beijing Games, also at the head of the pack.

At 15 kilometers, or 9.3 miles, Yoshimi Ozaki of Japan took her turn at the front as the lead pack arrived in 52:10 with the race on a metronomic 2:26 pace. The downpour slowed to a drizzle, the flags hanging slack along the course with little or no wind.

The lead pack reached the halfway point in 1:13:13, with 23 runners within three seconds of the lead. A major casualty came soon after as one of the favorites, Liliya Shobukhova of Russia, dropped out. Her victory at the 2011 Chicago Marathon in 2:18:20 made her the second-fastest woman ever behind Paula Radcliffe of Britain (2:15:25). But Shobukhova missed a couple of spring races in the United States because of a hamstring injury. And perhaps she never recovered.

Radcliffe did not enter the Olympic marathon, the strain of competition through the years having left her feet brittle and unable to replicate her greatest performances.

As could be expected, Keitany and her Kenyan teammates moved to the front for the second half of the race. Keitany is the world half-marathon record holder in 65:50. She won the London Marathon in April in 2:18:37. At her best, no one would be able to outrun her. But she was not at her best Sunday.

Just beyond 25 kilometers, or 15 miles, the lead pack had winnowed itself to six runners — Keitany, Edna Kiplagat and Jeptoo from Kenya and Gelana, Aselefech Mergia and Mare Dibaba from Ethiopia.

Flanagan was in seventh place, four seconds back. Goucher was in 12th place, six seconds back. But Flanagan and Zhu from China regained contact, if only briefly.

At 26 kilometers, one of the leaders, perhaps Keitany, stepped on water and stumbled momentarily before regaining her stride. The sun now peeked out.

At 30 kilometers, or 18.6 miles, the quickening race seemed — incorrectly — to have whittled itself to the three Kenyans and Gelana and Dibaba from Ethiopia to decide among the medals. Flanagan had dropped 11 seconds off the pace into seventh place. Goucher was 30 seconds back in 12th place.

At 32 kilometers, Dibaba had dropped back. The lead pack was now four. But Petrova Arkhipova of Russia had been stalking the East Africans. She had been in 10th place at 25 kilometers and sixth place, nine seconds back, at 30 kilometers. Now she seemed to come out of nowhere to catch the leaders. As if running a 1,500-race, she moved up to third as Kiplagat, the 2011 world marathon champion, dropped to fourth.

Kiplagat, though, rejoined the lead pack, which expanded to five — three Kenyans, an Ethiopian and a Russian. As the race neared two hours, Kiplagat again dropped back.

By 35 kilometers, or 21.7 miles, Petrova Arkhipova had moved into a thin lead in 1:59:29. The race was down to herself, Keitany and Jeptoo of Kenya and Gelana of Ethiopia. It remained that way through 40 kilometers or 24.8 miles, in 2:16:20. Petrova Arkhipova dropped back twice, only to recover and yo-yo herself among the leaders.

A half-mile later, Keitany surprisingly fell off the pace. Jeptoo, her teammate, had brought her water minutes earlier, but Keitany now appeared drained. Petrova Arkhipova also fell away a third time, losing her form. In the 25th mile, Gelana surged, opening a gap on Jeptoo as the rain began again. Ethiopia had won another distance running gold medal.

Ethiopian Tirunesh Debaba The Queen Of Olympiad 2012

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Ethiopia’s Tirunesh Dibaba produced her devastating trademark kick 600m from the line to successfully defend her Olympic women’s 10,000m title with ease on Friday.

Dibaba, a seven-time world champion and also Olympic champion and world record holder in the 5000m, clocked 30min 20.75sec to finish ahead of Kenyans Sally Kipyego (30:26.37) and Vivian Cheruiyot (30:30.44), the reigning world champion.

Dibaba’s achievement meant she matched her cousin Derartu Tulu in becoming the second woman to win two Olympic gold medals in the women’s 10,000m. It also meant that Kenya have still never won the event.

“I have never been happier,” beamed Dibaba. “I was not even that happy after the Beijing Olympics.

“It’s very special. I’ve worked very hard for this. No one has ever done what I did today. I’ve won two 10,000 golds and one 5000m.”

Cheruiyot said she was not too disappointed with her bronze-medal showing.

“It was good because I did my personal best and I am happy because it’s my first medal in the Olympics so I’m not disappointed at all,” she said.

Silver medallist Kipyego, who also ran a personal best, said the race had been very tactical, but admitted that she had no gas in the tank to stay with Dibaba at the end.

“It’s always a very tactical race when you come to the Olympics but for me, I wanted to be as smooth as I can,” she said.

“At the end, I was just hanging on for dear life and I would be lying if I said that I had any more energy to run with her (Dibaba).

“She was quick and she took off and when I saw that, I didn’t have anything to respond. I was just thinking if I go with her I might not finish this race.”

It was a welcome return to form for the 26-year-old Dibaba, who missed the world cross-country champs in Jordan and the world championships in Berlin in 2009 because of nagging injuries.

The Japanese trio of runners took their customary lead through the first 10 circuits of the 25-lap race before the Kenyans took over the pace making.

Joyce Chepkirui, the Kenyan cross-country champion, and reigning world silver medallist Kipyego upped the tempo as the field began to string out as they hit 5000m in 15:32.06.

Ethiopian Worknesh Kidane, a record 21-time medallist at the world cross-country championships including gold medallist in 2003, took the lead through the tenth lap and was the perfect foil for Dibaba.

In ideal running conditions, with a temperature of 17 deg C and a slight breeze, the lead chopped and changed between Kidane and Chepkirui, the Ethiopian kicking with eight laps to go.

Dibaba was pulled along on Kidane’s coattails with Cheruiyot and Kipyego as Chepkirui fell off the pace.

The quartet kicked free of the chasers to set up a battle royale in the last three laps.

Kipyego led with 800m to go as Dibaba eased past her fading teammate Kidane and produced a deadly spurt of acceleration at 600m to build up a convincing 40m lead over a Kenyan duo left powerless to respond.

Dibaba hit the back straight clear, her eyes flicking to the big screen in front of her before she crossed the line with arms raised.

Kipyego kicked enough to claim silver ahead of the flagging Cheruiyot, who will now look to make her mark in this Olympics in the 5000m.

Reuters
Birhan Getahun of Ethiopia lies on the track after suffering an injury and hitting a hurdle during heat 2 of the men’s 3,000-meter steeplechase.

Ethiopia’s Birhan Getahun had to be wheeled off the track during the second heat of the men’s 3,000-meter steeplechase on Friday after slamming into a hurdle and collapsing to the ground.

Getahun, 20 years old, appeared to suffer an injury during the race and fell after hitting the final hurdle. He held his hand to his head as Games officials assisted him off the track in a wheelchair. Kenya’s Brimin Kiprop Kipruto went on to win the heat.